Discovering Radiology: What Is It, Range of Uses and Benefits

Radiology is an exceptional field that transforms the way we comprehend and approach healthcare. Through its advanced imaging techniques, radiology furnishes invaluable insights into the human body, enabling precise diagnoses and effective treatment plans.

Whether you’re an interested patient seeking to gain a deeper understanding of diagnostic imaging or intrigued by medical technology, this blog post will enlighten you on the marvels of radiology.

Please continue reading to explore what radiology is, its various uses and applications, explore diverse imaging techniques, and learn about its benefits for diagnosis and therapy.

What is radiology?

Radiology is a branch of medical science dedicated to diagnosing and treating diseases and injuries through medical imaging techniques. By capturing images of the body’s internal structures, radiology allows healthcare providers to visualise and assess abnormalities that might not be apparent externally.

Radiology allows medical professionals to detect and diagnose injuries, diseases, and abnormalities in a non-invasive manner. Through radiology, medical experts can assess disease progression, monitor treatment effectiveness, and precisely guide surgical procedures.

The NHS describes a radiologist as a specialist who utilises advanced imaging techniques for diagnosis and treatment. Radiologists also prepare patients for surgery, take biopsy samples, and perform minimally invasive surgeries using real-time imaging. 

However, a radiologist is not the same as a radiographer. Radiographers are trained to capture X-rays, perform MRIs, and conduct CT scans. Only in a few cases, they may also interpret diagnostic images.

Types of Radiology


Radiology employs these imaging results to diagnose various conditions, from fractures to heart conditions and blood clots. According to Health Images, there is a broad spectrum of imaging techniques and tests in use.

Some of the most common imaging modalities are: 

  •  X-Ray Imaging:  X-rays use low-dose radiation to produce images that reveal bone fractures, lung conditions, dental issues, and more.
  • Computed Tomography (CT) combines X-rays and computer processing to generate detailed cross-sectional images of different body parts. CT scans aid in detecting tumours, cardiovascular conditions, and traumatic injuries.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): using a strong magnetic field and radio waves, MRI creates detailed images of soft tissues, organs, and the nervous system. It is pivotal in diagnosing brain and spinal cord disorders, joint injuries, cancers, and cardiovascular diseases.
  • Ultrasound: by emitting high-frequency sound waves, ultrasound produces real-time images of internal structures. Besides monitoring pregnancies, ultrasounds help diagnose kidney stones and liver diseases and evaluate cardiac conditions.
  • Fluoroscopy: these are X-rays that produce real-time moving images of the body. Most procedures involving the gastrointestinal tract require this type of imaging.

Learn more about types of imaging techniques. 

What is radiology used for? 

Radiology is a medical field with numerous applications. It is employed in diagnostic procedures to identify medical conditions, interventions to remove blood clots from arteries, or treatments such as radiation therapy to treat cancer.

Radiology applications have three major categories:

  • Diagnosis and disease detection: Using various imaging methods such as X-rays, ultrasound or mammography, radiology helps diagnose or monitor existing or latent medical conditions.  
  • Minimally invasive interventions: interventional radiology allows medical professionals to conduct minimally invasive procedures, such as angioplasty, biopsy, and tumour ablation, with real-time imaging guidance.
  • Therapy and rehabilitation: Patients receive treatment for conditions like cancer through radiotherapy. This type of treatment uses high-energy beams to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumours.

Check a complete list of radiology applications here.

Radiology: benefits and advantages for medicine 

Radiology offers numerous advantages to both patients and healthcare providers. It enables early detection of diseases, assists in accurate diagnosis, and aids in monitoring treatment progress.

Moreover, radiology techniques are generally non-invasive, reducing the need for exploratory surgeries. However, it is essential to acknowledge that radiology also has certain limitations, such as the potential risks associated with ionising radiation and the requirement for patient cooperation during specific imaging procedures.

Radiology provides several crucial benefits in the field of healthcare:

  • Early detection: radiological imaging techniques enable the identification of diseases in their early stages.
  • Minimally invasive procedures: radiology reduces the need for exploratory surgery by allowing medical professionals to visualise internal structures without invasive procedures.
  • Precision and accuracy: radiology provides detailed and highly accurate images, assisting healthcare providers in making well-informed diagnoses and creating targeted treatment plans.

As evident, radiology is a pivotal component of modern medicine. It empowers doctors to provide accurate diagnoses, plan targeted treatments, and enhance patient outcomes.

Are you seeking a radiology clinic in Malta? At Da Vinci Health, we boast a state-of-the-art radiology department staffed by highly qualified medical personnel. Explore our radiology services and find a doctor near you – we’re ready to assist you! Whether it’s a routine check-up or a diagnosis, book an appointment, and we’ll take care of you.